Darwin Among the Machines: The Evolution of Global by George B. Dyson

By George B. Dyson

George Dyson grew up on the Institute for complex research, the place such scientists as his father, Freeman Dyson, and John von Neumann laid the rules for the data Age. From this vantage element, and with an unheard of forged of characters, Dyson lines the process the data revolution, illuminating the lives, paintings and ideas of visionaries who foresaw the improvement of man made intelligence, man made lifestyles, and the worldwide brain.

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Parent of Parents! Ens Entium! "24 Erasmus Darwinism, however widely acclaimed at the time, has been obscured by a lingering confusion, perpetuated by both Charles Darwin and Samuel Butler, that equates the work of Erasmus Darwin with the errors of his follower Lamarck. A respected French naturalist and protege of Buffon, Lamarck made lasting contributions to science, dividing the animal kingdom into vertebrates and invertebrates and assigning the label biology to the study of life. He is most famous, however, for his mistaken belief in the inheritance of acquired characteristics, the classic example being that giraffes grew taller by stretching their necks.

And how few of the machines are there which have not been produced systematically by other machines? . Each one of ourselves has sprung from minute animalcules whose entity was entirely distinct from our own, and which acted after their kind with no thought or heed of what we might think about it. These little creatures are part of our own reproductive system; then why not we part of that of the machines? . "64 In Butler's time the business of replication was conveyed from generation to generation by engineers.

It would take them only two, however, to work out, by an infallible calculus, the doctrines most useful for life, that is, those of morality and metaphysics.... Once the characteristic numbers for most concepts have been set up, however, the human race will have a new kind of instrument which will increase the power of the mind much more than optical lenses strengthen the eyes.... "13 Leibniz proposed a universal coding of natural language based on underlying logical relationships and forms. Primary concepts would be represented by prime numbers.

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