By Raj Senani, D. R. Bhaskar, A. K. Singh
This e-book serves as a single-source connection with present Conveyors and their use in sleek Analog Circuit layout. The authors describe many of the varieties of present conveyors chanced on over the last forty five years, info of all at the moment to be had, off-the-shelf built-in circuit present conveyors, and implementations of present conveyors utilizing different, off-the-shelf IC development blocks. insurance comprises favourite bipolar/CMOS/Bi-CMOS architectures of present conveyors, in addition to all sorts of ranging from 3rd new release present conveyors to common present conveyors, their implementations and purposes.
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Additional info for Current Conveyors: Variants, Applications and Hardware Implementations
1982: Dostal and Pospisil [13, 14] extended the idea of Current Conveyors to define three novel types of Voltage Conveyors called VC1, VC2 and VC3. They further demonstrated that the three-port immittance convertor is an useful transformation building block leading to two basic types of convertors which they chose to call summing voltage immittance convertor (SVIC) and summing current immittance convertor (SCIC) which were capable of leading to, as special cases, three varieties of Current Conveyors and three varieties of voltage conveyors.
Analog Integr Circ Sig Process 38:245–262 56. Cajka J, Dostal T, Vrba K (2004) General view on current conveyors. Int J Circ Theor Appl 32:133–138 57. Gilbert B (2004) Current mode, voltage mode or free mode? A few sage suggestions. Analog Integr Circ Sig Process 38:83–101 58. Cajka J, Vrba K (2004) The voltage conveyor may have in fact found its way into circuit theory. Int J Electron Commun 58:244–248 59. Gift SJG (2005) The operational conveyor and its application in an accurate current amplifier with gain-independent bandwidth.
Since Q1 is off, the first current mirror (CM1) is off and consequently, CM3 is also off. The collector current of Q2 is mirrored by CM2 and reaches the output node Z where a constant current source LM334 is connected between terminal-Z and negative supply rail thereby ensuring iz ¼ ix as shown on the diagram. It may be noted that the main departures from ideal CCII properties in this circuit are (i) the voltage drop of one VBE between terminal Y and X and (ii) the nonzero input resistance at port-X.