Critical Thinking: A Student's Introduction by Gregory Bassham

By Gregory Bassham

This well known textual content is helping modern day scholars bridge the distance among daily tradition and important considering. utilizing a confirmed step by step procedure, this article covers all of the fundamentals of serious considering, in transparent, reader-friendly language. Its comprehensiveness permits teachers to tailor the fabric to their person educating types, leading to an extremely flexible textual content.

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These cases highlight several serious problems with cultural moral relativism. 1. Relativism makes it impossible for us to criticize other cultures’ customs and values, even those that intuitively seem to us to be terribly wrong. We can no longer say, for example, that a particular culture is wrong to practice slavery or child sacrifice, as long as that culture believes that those practices are morally right. indd 22 11/24/09 8:00:23 AM Barriers to Critical Thinking 23 2. Relativism makes it impossible for us to criticize our own societies’ customs and values.

Toby, never throw a pen at your sister! You could put an eye out! (said by Toby’s mother) 3. Never raise your hands to your kids. It leaves your groin unprotected. (George Carlin) 4. If you consume three or more alcoholic drinks every day, ask your doctor whether you should take ibuprofen or other pain relievers/fever reducers. Ibuprofen may cause stomach bleeding. (label) 5. Why don’t we eat at El Grande Burrito tonight. I feel like Mexican. 6. If you do not get your first meal service choice, please do not be distressed, as all our entrées taste very much the same.

Tend not to persevere when they encounter intellectual obstacles or difficulties. A course in critical thinking is like most other things in life: You get out of it what you put into it. If you approach critical thinking as a chore—a pointless general education requirement you need to get out of the way before you can turn to more “relevant” courses in your major—a chore it will be. On the other hand, if you approach critical thinking as an opportunity to learn habits of disciplined thinking that are vital to success in school, in your career, and in your life as a liberally educated person, critical thinking can be a rewarding and even transformative experience.

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