By J. Anthony Blair, Ralph H. Johnson
In problem and reaction: Justification in Ethics, Carl Wellman coined 'conduction' and 'conductive' to call a particular form of defeasible reasoning and argument-neither deductive nor inductive-often utilized in forming and justifying moral judgments, classifications and judgments utilizing standards. a few casual logicians have used the concept that of their textbooks, yet conductive reasoning and argument have hitherto acquired little scholarly awareness. Conductive Argument is a entire advent to the theoretical concerns regarding conductive argument and reasoning. With papers by way of major argumentation students, it's the fabricated from a symposium, backed through the Centre for the research of Reasoning, Argumentation and Rhetoric on the college of Windsor, equipped to envision the idea that of conductive argument. subject matters coated contain: old antecedents of the idea that of conduction, issues of Wellman's account of conduction, numerous conceptualizations of conductive argument and attendant difficulties, no matter if conductive arguments represent a special type, the constitution of conductive arguments, their domain(s), how they could be diagrammed, how they could be evaluated, and case reports of conductive arguments. Conductive argument merits the shut awareness of theorists of reasoning and argumentation, verbal exchange and debate, casual good judgment and common sense often.
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Extra info for Conductive Argument. an Overlooked Type of Defeasible Reasoning
56 [Fischer] David Hackett Fischer, Historians' Fallacies: Toward a Logic of Historical Thought, 1970. [Gula] Robert J. Gula, Nonsense: A Handbook of Logical Fallacies, 2002. [Hamblin] C. L. Hamblin, Fallacies, 1970. [King] Stephen King, On Writing, 2000. [Minsky] Marvin Minsky, The Society of Mind, 1988. [Pólya] George Pólya, How to Solve It: A New Aspect of Mathematical Method, 2004. html [Sagan] Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark, 1995. [Simanek] Donald E. htm [Smith] Peter Smith, An Introduction to Formal Logic, 2003.
For instance, it may be argued that the engineering assumptions that led to the explosion of the Ariane 5 during its first launch were the result of a hasty generalization: the set of test cases that were used for the Ariane 4 controller were not broad enough to cover the necessary set of use-cases in the Ariane 5's controller. Signing off on such decisions typically comes down to engineers' and managers' ability to argue, hence the relevance of this and similar examples to our discussion of logical fallacies.
32 Informal Fallacy › Ambiguity › Equivocation › Redefinition › No True Scotsman No True Scotsman A general claim may sometimes be made about a category of things. 7 For example, one may posit that programmers are creatures with no social skills. ” Here, it is not clear what the attributes of a programmer are, nor is the category of programmers as clearly defined as the category of, say, people with blue eyes. The ambiguity allows the stubborn mind to redefine things at will. The fallacy was coined by Antony Flew in his book Thinking about Thinking.