By Katja F. Cantone
This quantity demonstrates that combined utterances in younger bilinguals should be analyzed within the related manner as grownup code-switching. It presents new insights not just within the box of code-switching and of language blending in younger bilinguals, but in addition in matters pertaining to common questions about linguistic thought that are tough to be spoke back with monolingual facts.
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Extra resources for Code-switching in Bilingual Children (Studies in Theoretical Psycholinguistics)
The research agenda is to show that the capacity to produce and understand an infinite number of utterances and expressions is based on specific models, which can be explained by sets of rules that express the grammaticality of a certain language. A Universal Grammar (UG) is said to be the theory of the initial state, the innate and invariant base in each human being. The specific grammar humans reach in the stable state, led by linguistic experience, is what we call Italian, English, and so on.
34 K AT J A F. 5 CONCLUSIONS This chapter evaluated several studies on language mixing in young bilingual children. For a few researchers, mixing is evidence for a single language system, which is only separated later. This hypothesis has however been largely rejected. Despite asserting two different stages of mixing, the first characterized by a high mixing rate, the second comparable to adult mixing, most researchers believe that languages are differentiated in children from early on (among various works, cf.
BILINGUAL FIRST LANGUAGE ACQUISITION 11 given by showing that they use them target-like, as monolinguals do. The author confirms the existence of two separated language systems in that he analyzes some linguistic phenomena (word order, subject-verb agreement), which are different in the two languages. Indeed, the two children analyzed develop the two target systems (French and German) according to the requirements of each of the two languages. Meisel emphasizes that this can be accounted for by syntactic differences, so that grammatical concerns can be said to be worked out from early on, even before other strategies.