By Louis B Pascoe S J
This paintings examines Pierre d'Ailly's (1351-1420) perspectives on bishops, theologians, and canon legal professionals, now not essentially of their conciliar context yet in the broader dimensions in their person prestige, workplace, and authority in the Church.These perspectives additionally spread, in various levels, in the apocalyptic context of his suggestion and bring about a decision for either pastoral and private reform, specifically for the episcopacy.This name, furthermore, unearths strongapostolic and evangelical affects, in particular these of the Franciscans and the Brethren of the typical existence, and provides a particular size to the wide range of past due medieval reform ideologies which, whereas having a few impression on the Council of Constance, contributed seriously to the reform decrees of Trent.
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48 On Augustine’s teaching on all these points see Ladner, The Idea of Reform, 222– 238. Augustine identiﬁed the seventh age of the world with the meta-historical context of the soul’s rest in God before the time of the resurrection of their bodies and their entrance into the peace of eternity. 32 chapter one millenarian interpretation of the Church’s history and the role of Satan within it, he soon broke with that tradition. 49 D’Ailly’s selection of Augustine’s early views and his neglect of Augustine’s more mature position on the subject, therefore, represent a highly opportunistic mode of exegesis, especially since later on in the same sermon he gives clear evidence of being aware of Augustine’s essentially agnostic position as to the knowability of the End-Times.
The theme of the Schism as the precursor of the Antichrist, absent in d’Ailly’s earlier sermon on St. Francis but which began to manifest itself in his sermon on St. Bernard is now much more clearly in evidence. D’Ailly’s thought on the Antichrist follows in the Pauline tradition as embodied in 2 Thess. 2:3–4 where he is described as ‘the man of sin’ (homo peccati) and ‘the son of destruction’ (ﬁlius perditionis). 27 There is no doubt in d’Ailly’s mind that this defection has been realized in the Great Schism of 1378 which splintered the Church into two and later three papal allegiances.
He humorously compares hardened sinners to horses and asses. Such animals, he states, are rarely moved by the melodious and soothing sounds of a lyre. Only loud blasts of music from instruments such as trumpets spur them into action. With hardened sinners, therefore, the ordinary preaching and exhortations of the Church to conversion serve to no avail. What is needed to stir up the spirit of repentance in such souls is the frightening revelation that the ﬁnal times are at hand. D’Ailly felt that the author of Job recognized this problem when he wrote that the ears of the wicked must always be ﬁlled with terrifying sounds.