By Zhaoguang Hu, Jian Zhang, Ning Zhang
The ebook makes a speciality of low-carbon matters and China’s economic system, that is analyzed from the viewpoint of electrical energy economics. It proposes the unconventional notion of an “economic gene” to mirror yes features of the economic system. The gene mapping of China’s financial system has been studied according to construction services with electrical energy. financial mutations have additionally been studied with the purpose of diagnosing difficulties within the economic system. such mutations have happened in China on account that 1978, the newest being in 2012 and no extra mutation is predicted until eventually 2025. The booklet describes the inherent caliber of China’s economic climate from 2012 to 2025, and the way mechanism reforms could drastically enhance marginal consultant issue productiveness during this interval. The brokers reaction equilibrium (ARE) method of simulate nationwide economic system, in keeping with multi-agent expertise is proposed. one other cornerstone of the version is the input-output desk. Simulated input-output tables from 2011 to 2025 are supplied within the book.
This booklet presents techniques for coverage makers and advisors, and is a beneficial source for researchers within the fields of economics, public rules, low-carbon improvement, electrical energy and effort. It additionally offers insights into China’s monetary development.
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Additional info for China’s Economic Gene Mutations: By Electricity Economics and Multi-agent
28, the final consumption occupied quite great share before 2000, and it was lower and lower, while gross capital formation was higher and higher in the first decade in the twenty-first century. 3678 billion in 2014 . 55 CNY in 2014. 2$/p in 1978 as expressed in Fig. 29. 7 % in 36 years. Total electricity consumption per capita and residential electricity consumption per capita are shown in Fig. 30. 5 in Sect. 3, we can see the economic stages in China as follows: Primary Commodity Stage (À1982) In this stage, electricity consumption per capita is less than 300 kWh and household electricity consumption per capita is less than 20 kWh.
The products of those sectors used to contribute greatly to export. It seems that the textile sector changes beforehand compared with other sectors. 52 % in July 2008. It is a signal of global economic recession. On contrast, the electricity consumption growth rates of the other two sectors turned negative in the last quarter of 2008. The growth rate of textile sector became positive in August 2009, 2 months later than the other two sectors. After a short swing in the first quarter of 2010, the growth rates of the three sectors arrived at 5–9 % by the end of 2010.
25. 99 in the period of 1978–2014. 989 CNY/kWh in China which means that the increase of one kWh in the whole industrial electricity consumption in China would 32 1 China’s Electricity Economy E growth 18 16 50000 14 12 40000 10 30000 8 6 20000 E growth, % GDP, Billion RMB 2010CNY GDP 60000 4 10000 2 0 2014 2012 2010 2006 2008 2004 2002 2000 1998 1996 1994 1992 1988 1990 1986 1984 1982 1980 1978 0 Fig. 23 China’s GDP and E growth rate (Data source: National Bureau of Statistics of China, 2014 China Statistical Yearbook ) 2014 2012 2010 2008 0 2006 2 0 2004 1000 2002 4 2000 2000 1998 6 1996 8 3000 1994 4000 1992 10 1990 12 5000 1988 6000 1986 14 1984 7000 1982 16 1980 18 Growth, % E growth 8000 1978 GDP, Billion USD 2010$ GDP 9000 Fig.