Changing Values in Medieval Scotland: A Study of Prices, by Elizabeth Gemmill

By Elizabeth Gemmill

It is a full-scale examine of costs in medieval Scotland, c. 1260-1542, consisting of specific discussions of coinage, and weights and measures. approximately 6000 costs are indexed separately, normal costs are calculated for every commodity, and for teams of commodities equivalent to cereals and farm animals. Scots costs are in comparison with English, and the importance of the knowledge for the industrial heritage of medieval Scotland is analyzed totally. this is often the single complete learn to were undertaken on Scots medieval costs, and there's no similar paintings on Scottish medieval fiscal historical past in print.

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22 First the assize orders weights for raw dough (pastus panis), newly baked bread (coctus), and baked and dried bread (coctus et siccatus), appropriate for the id. wastel loaf. The wastel loaf was white and well bolted, that is sieved (albus et bene bultalus), but other types of loaf were also listed. The quachet loaf was of the same bolted flour, but had to weigh 2s. e. 24dwt) more than the wastel, because the 21 22 and Courts in the Burghs', in SMT, p. 210. In what follows we shall continue to refer to David's assize without intending to imply thereby a twelfth-century date.

We may note such a jump in prices for wheat, 12 13 of Wales), while the historical evidence for a cash economy in Wales has recently been discussed by Carr and Pratt. D. Carr, 'The Medieval Cantref of Rhos', Transactions of the Denbighshire Historical Society, 41 (1992), 7-24, and 'A Debatable land: Arwystli in the Middle Ages', Montgomeryshire Collections, 80 (1992), 39-54. D. Pratt, 'Fourteenth-Century Marford and Hoseley: A Maerdref in Transition', Transactions of the Denbighshire Historical Society, 41 (1992), 25-69.

S. ), The Middle Ages in the Highlands (Inverness, 1981), pp. 11-22. Elizabeth Ewan, Townlife in Fourteenth-Century Scotland (Edinburgh, 1990), p. 5. SMT, p. 12. See also Michael Lynch, 'The Social and Economic Structure of the Larger Towns, 1450-1600', in SMT, p. 285 n. 82, for a summary of evidence and opinion relating to sixteenth-century Scottish urban populations. 10 Changing values in medieval Scotland something under 5,000 inhabitants, compared with recent estimates for London of 80,000, Norwich of 25,000, Winchester of 10,000, and Dublin of ll,000.

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