By Joakim Goldhahn, Ingrid Fuglestvedt, Andrew Meirion Jones
This quantity derives from a workshop held on the college of Kalmar (now Linnaeus University), Sweden among the 20-24 of October 2008. the purpose of this accumulating used to be to supply a discussion board for rock paintings researchers from various components of northern Europe to debate conventional in addition to present interpretative tendencies inside of rock paintings learn. altering images goals to come back to conventional interpretative notions concerning the which means and importance of rock paintings to enquire if and why any info were left in the back of to get well and reconsider. over the last a long time, there was a huge international curiosity between archaeologists and anthropologists in learning rock artwork. study in northern Europe, as in other places, has intensely explored a manifold of methodological and theoretical views. almost all these reviews notwithstanding, were released in languages that seldom achieve past the local audio system of Norwegian, Danish, and Swedish, Russian or Finnish. for this reason a big motivation for this quantity is to attempt to apprise a few of the present routine inside this box of analysis and current it for a global viewers. those papers discover the relevance of older rules, reminiscent of notions approximately prehistoric faith, ritual functionality, sympathetic magic, animism and totemism, the mindscapes of landscapes etc., in addition to the current "state of the artwork" so one can improve a broader realizing of the phenomenon we name rock paintings. This aspiration will be obvious as a standard thread linking different chapters during this publication. asserting that, a few, if no longer all, of the articles offered during this quantity problem the proposal "rock artwork" itself, arguing that usually the rock, the "canvas" and relatively intangible yet both very important sensual encounters, akin to sound, echoes, contact and temporal phenomenological adjustments and the notion of embellished rock paintings panels, can be appeared, no less than, as vital because the "art" itself. by means of reassessing conventional techniques to Scandinavian rock artwork and creatively remodeling those principles, while additionally addressing major new strategies resembling the organization of rock and the performativity of rock artwork, this anthology of papers deals not just a photograph of present debates, but in addition displays pivotal adjustments within the research of rock paintings
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Additional resources for Changing pictures : rock art traditions and visions in Northern Europe
Totemism: old, new and newer Totemism, like animism, also existed as a concept before Durkheim. Totemism is a core issue in his main work The Elementary Forms of Religious Life (2001 ). Diﬀering from earlier approaches, however, was his focus on totemic beliefs as social in origin. Durkheim pursued the idea that society was a fact existing superindividually and therefore could be studied like an object. The contents of this ‘super-individual thing’ were the moral bonds that integrated groups of people into what we call a society.
Thus, on this basis, I dare to contend that the early anthropologists by way of ‘animism’ and ‘sympathetic magic’ – and even with a flawed and intimidating approach to people of the Stone Age – still ‘captured’ important aspects of their lives. In his book on the rock carvings at Nämforsen, mid Sweden, Christopher Tilley puts forward a very relevant critic of Hallström’s (1960) seemingly poor level of interpretation. To Hallström, interpretation was intimately related to his pioneering work on the site, in which documentation and interpretation were two sides of the same coin – ‘[i]nterpretation becomes a process of identification… [a]n elk, is an elk is an elk’ (Tilley 1991: 11, 12).
Hampton, ‘Bud’ O. W. 1999. Culture of Stone. Sacred and Profane Uses of Stone among the Dani. Texas A & M University Press. Helskog, Knut. 1984. Helleristningene i Alta. En presentasjon og en analyse av menneskefigurene. Viking XLVII, 5–41. Helskog, Knut. 1999. The Shore Connection. Cognitive Landscape and Communication with Rock Carvings in Northernmost Europe. Norwegian Archaeological Review, Vol. 32, No. 2, 73–94. Hesjedal, Anders. 1990. Helleristninger som tegn og tekst. En analyse av veideristningene i Nordland og Troms.