By Yordan Kyosev
Braided materials are made by way of interlacing yarns or strips of material. Braiding produces quite a lot of constructions for technical fabric functions from clinical sutures to cables for anchoring ships. Written by means of one of many world’s major specialists within the box, the ebook experiences the elemental rules, layout and approaches utilized in braiding. The booklet additionally discusses specialized braiding concepts corresponding to spiral braiding and lace technology.
- Provides a pretty good origin within the basics of braiding layout, strategies and machinery
- Covers the patterning of braided items and the structural and color layout of either flat and tubular braids
- Reviews maypole braiding machines and mechanics
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Additional info for Braiding Technology for Textiles Principles, Design and Processes
Such machines exist and were invented in 1807 by John Heathcoat to produce the finest bobbinet tulle (net lace). They are still working today in the company Swisstulle (Swisstulle, 2013). In this case, one system of yarns remains vertical (called warp yarns, the white yarns in Fig. 25) and one or more yarn systems interlace (called weft yarns). The bobbins are in small flat “carriers” or “shuttles,” which swing between the warp yarns, and then each group moves as a packet to the left or to the right at each step (Fig.
8 Basic principle for the development of the structural drawing and the colour pattern drawing of braided structures. 9 Visualization of the principle – each ridge corresponds to one horn gear. On the right-hand side of the picture, only some of the horn gears are presented. 1 Notation systems There exists no worldwide unified system for the notation of braids. Probably the most common are the English and Germans ones. The “English” system consists of a few specified names for the popular structures – regular, basked and diamond.
The yarns will cross the yarns of two other carriers moving around the same horn gear (Fig. 16). The two yarns U1 and U2 are carried on separate carriers in the figure, but it is also possible that both yarns are wound as a one-ply yarn on one bobbin, leaving the other position empty. Because both of these yarns move as one group and have the same orientation, they are treated as one group of two yarns, which floats over and under another group of yarns. The floating length here is 4 slots/(2F+ 2E) = 4/4 = 1.