Bottle Creek: A Pensacola Culture Site in South Alabama by Ian W. Brown, Dr. David S. Brose, Penelope Ballard Drooker,

By Ian W. Brown, Dr. David S. Brose, Penelope Ballard Drooker, C. Margaret Scarry, David W. Morgan, Paul D. Jackson, Irvy R. Quitmyer, Christopher B. Rodning, Diane E. Silvia, Richard S. Fuller, Hunter B. Johnson

Inclusive of 18 earthen mounds and various extra habitation parts courting to A.D. 12501550, the Bottle Creek website was once first professionally investigated in 1932 while David L. DeJarnette of the Alabama Museum of common heritage begun paintings there to figure out if the positioning had a cultural reipconnected to the north by means of a river method. This quantity builds on past investigations to offer vast fresh facts from significant excavations performed from 1991 to 1994 and supported partly by way of an NEH supply. Ten anthropologists research numerous elements of the positioning, together with mound structure, prehistoric nutrition, pottery class, vessel types, textiles used to make pottery impressions, a microlithic stone instrument undefined, water shuttle, the patience of mound use into ancient occasions, and the location of Bottle Creek within the protohistoric global.

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Brown and freshwater in his investigation of what habitats were exploited most. Quitmyer demonstrates that there is a marked difference between the size and age of modern rangia clams (Rangia cuneata) compared with those used by the inhabitants of Bottle Creek, with the latter being much smaller and younger than those that exist at present. These ¤ndings reveal that the inhabitants of Bottle Creek put considerable pressure on their environment as a result of their extended occupation of the region.

He tends to believe that the easterly expansion is a ramp, but whether it was added prehistorically or during nineteenth-century farming activities is still not clear; all the more reason why further work is desirable in this critical part of the site. Chapter 4, by Diane Silvia, focuses on the intensive work performed on Mound L over three seasons. 11). 9. Trench excavations in the Mound B terrace, as seen from the borrow pit to the north (drawing by James Reid, 1994). 20 / Ian W. 10. David Morgan examining the midden layers in the south wall of trench unit D201 in the Mound B terrace.

Anders Thompson was a conscientious and helpful copyeditor. Cameron Wesson and Gregory Waselkov reviewed the original manuscript for the Press and offered numerous extremely helpful suggestions, for which I am most grateful. Greg has continued to be a major help in permitting the use of his contour map of Bottle Creek. Finally, I would be remiss not to mention a major stimulus for getting this volume over and done with. A couple of years ago, Dr. Charles B. Rodning, Professor and Vice-Chairman in the Department of Surgery at the University of South Alabama (and father of Chris), took me to the side at a Southeastern Archaeological Conference and reminded me that Bottle Creek’s 300th anniversary was right around the corner.

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