By Ashok K Goel, Daniel A McAdams, Robert B. Stone
From easy situations equivalent to hook and latch attachments present in Velcro to articulated-wing flying automobiles, biology usually has been used to motivate many artistic layout principles. The medical problem now's to rework the paradigm right into a repeatable and scalable method. Biologically encouraged layout explores computational strategies and instruments that may support combine the strategy into layout practice.
With an inspiring foreword from Janine Benyus, Biologically encouraged layout encompasses a dozen chapters written by way of a number of the best students within the transdisciplinary box of bioinspired layout, corresponding to Frank Fish, Julian Vincent and Jeannette Yen from biology, and Amaresk Chakrabarti, Satyandra Gupta and Li Shu from engineering. established partly on discussions at workshops backed by means of the U.S. nationwide technology origin, this quantity introduces and develops a number of equipment and instruments for bioinspired layout including:
Natural language techniques,
Knowledge-based instruments, and
Functional techniques and Pedagogical techniques.
By exploring those basic theories, suggestions and instruments for assisting biologically encouraged layout, this quantity presents a entire source for layout practitioners wishing to discover the paradigm, a useful advisor to layout educators drawn to instructing the strategy, and a initial studying for layout researchers eager to examine bioinspired design.
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Extra resources for Biologically Inspired Design: Computational Methods and Tools
Functional modeling in engineering typically involves expressing the desired function to be fulfilled by a design solution. Complex high-level functions are decomposed into simpler functions, any one, or combination of which can be addressed using biological analogies. A primary goal in functional description is to avoid limitation to specific physical solutions for as long as possible. Functions are typically represented by verbs. The use of nouns, except as objects of functional verbs, is usually discouraged as this may indicate that a physical solution is already in mind, and does not give other potential solutions fair consideration.
Similar studies of verbal protocols in the context of 44 L. H. Shu and H. Cheong Fig. 4 Graph depicting the types of similarity comparison made over time, adapted from Cheong et al. (2012). The similarity comparison index on the y-axis is the rolling average of instances of similarity comparisons over five-second time segments biomimetic design, which requires complex analogical reasoning, may warrant more focus in the future. 5 Automatic Extraction of Causally Related Functions This section summarizes an algorithm developed and applied by Cheong and Shu (2012) to automatically extract causally related functions from text.
8 Institute (2011) Asknature selected as finalist for prestigious design competition. org/article/view/index2011 Glier MW, Tsenn J, Linsey JS, McAdams DA (2011) Methods for supporting bioinspired design. ASME Conf Proc 2011(54884):737–744. 1115/IMECE2011-63247 Helms M, Vattam S, Goel A (2009) Biologically inspired design: process and products. Des Stud 30(5):606–622 Helms M, Vattam S, Goel A (2010) The effect of functional modeling on understanding complex biological systems. ASME Conf Proc 2010(44137):107–115.