Basic Irish: A Grammar and Workbook (Grammar Workbooks) by Nancy Stenson

By Nancy Stenson

Very good simple book--I relish having solutions to workouts on hand on the finish of the bankruptcy.

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Additional info for Basic Irish: A Grammar and Workbook (Grammar Workbooks)

Sample text

Ní stopann sé. an scian mhaith trí sciorta ó Stiofán They scattered. He doesn’t stop. the good knife three skirts from Stiofán It’s also blocked when the word that should be affected follows a word that ends in a consonant produced with the tongue in the same place in the mouth. Thus, t, d, and s are not lenited after the definite article an, even when other consonants would be. For example: an bhean bheag the small woman BUT an tír bheag the small country an ghloine mhór the big glass an deoch mhór the big drink 20 111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8111 9 1011 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2011 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 3011 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 4011 1 2 3 41111 Unit 3: Initial mutations: lenition Feminine nouns are lenited after an ‘the’, but although tír and deoch are feminine (shown by the lenited adjectives), t and d aren’t lenited, because they follow n, produced with the tongue in the same position.

The girl’s friend is young. When a phrase includes a genitive noun, the article an appears only once in Irish, before the second, possessor noun, although it might be used twice in the English translation: doras an tí ‘the door of the house’. More generally, whenever a noun is marked with a possessor, it will never also have an article before it, even if its English equivalent does: 42 111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8111 9 1011 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2011 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 3011 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 4011 1 2 3 41111 Unit 6: Noun classes and cases cóta Bhriain mo chóta bóthar Chorcaigh Brian’s coat my coat the road to Cork (literally, ‘of Cork’) As a rule of thumb, whenever a phrase contains two or more nouns in a row, the last one will be in the genitive form.

An doesn’t change the form of masculine genitive nouns, but prefixes t before s and lenites other consonants (except t, d). But t- is not prefixed to vowels in the genitive case. The common case forms from Unit 5 are repeated here to show the contrast with the genitive: Common Genitive an siopa an seomra fear an tsiopa the man of the shop, the shopkeeper doras an tseomra the door of the room an cailín an bus an duine ainm an chailín uimhir an bhus ainm an duine the girl’s name the number of the bus the person’s name (t, d unlenited after n) an t-uisce an t-uncail blas an uisce ainm an uncail the taste of the water the uncle’s name The feminine singular genitive article is na.

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