Baltic Connections: Archival Guide to the Maritime Relations by Bes, L. (ed.), Frankot, E. (ed.), Brand, H. (ed.)

By Bes, L. (ed.), Frankot, E. (ed.), Brand, H. (ed.)

Protecting nearly 1 archival collections in all international locations round the Baltic Sea (including the Netherlands), this advisor presents a vital instrument for students learning the region's maritime, fiscal and diplomatic kin among a hundred forty five and 18.

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Additional resources for Baltic Connections: Archival Guide to the Maritime Relations of the Countries around the Baltic Sea (including the Netherlands), 1450–1800 (The Northern World)

Sample text

Highly valued commodities from the east had to be shipped through Lübeck and Hamburg, whilst Dutch high-quality cloth destined for the Baltic had to be exported through the harbour of Bruges, where Wend ships were awaiting. With the Hanseatic towns on both the eastern and the western Àank refusing to cooperate, the operation was a failure. Danzig and the other Baltic towns were prepared to ally with Lübeck and the Wends in the wars with Denmark in the early sixteenth century, but they pulled back as soon as the League’s belligerent attitude seriously jeopardised trading relations with Holland.

Although relations then improved, Dutch pressure did not bring about a complete restoration of its position in Denmark. Exports of timber to Holland declined, as did Dutch imports of salt, spices, sugar and cloth. The Danes and the Norse had acquired their own substantial merchant Àeet, though it comprised mainly small vessels, which traded directly with the English and French ports and increasingly circumvented the Amsterdam entrepôt. Changing Patterns in the East The Baltic trade, which had suffered under the Swedish occupation of Poland and the blockade of Danzig in the late 1620s, revived almost as soon as the invaders had retreated.

Contraction continued until 1750, when the average volume of grain shipped on Dutch vessels was only 50 per cent of the ¿gure one hundred years earlier. The decline of eastern Prussian exports is clearly expressed in the Sound dues. Whilst about 40 per cent of westward shipping had left from Danzig in the ¿rst decade of the seventeenth century, the ¿gure was less than 20 per cent at the end of the century. The changing position of the main Prussian harbour was also reÀected in the tendency of western European vessels to sail to the Livonian ports, where abundant quantities of Àax, hemp, timber, naval stores, pitch and tar were available.

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