Artificial Dreams: The Quest for Non-Biological Intelligence by H. R. Ekbia

By H. R. Ekbia

This ebook is a critique of synthetic Intelligence (AI) from the viewpoint of cognitive technology - it seeks to check what we have now realized approximately human cognition from AI successes and screw ups. The book's target is to split these "AI dreams" that both were or might be learned from those who are developed via discourse and are unrealizable. AI learn has complex many parts which are intellectually compelling and holds nice promise for advances in technology, engineering, and sensible structures. After the Eighties, notwithstanding, the sector has usually struggled to convey largely on those offers. This e-book breaks new flooring through examining how a number of the using desires of individuals practising AI examine turn into valued contributions, whereas others devolve into unrealized and unrealizable initiatives.

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Additional info for Artificial Dreams: The Quest for Non-Biological Intelligence

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Although it is a game and, for that reason, an “unrealistic” domain, chess provides the grounds for discussing some of the most basic intuitions, methods, and techniques of AI. I have followed tradition in using chess as an example, although I pursue a different goal and, at times, arrive at different conclusions from a typical AI account of chess. ” The main thrust of this view is its emphasis on computing power, but also on intelligence as a disembodied information construct. The engineer, inventor, and futurist Ray Kurzweil is one of the most outspoken proponents of this view, although he is not an official (academic) member of the AI community.

AI provides fertile ground for the proliferation of utopian and dystopian views, numerous traces and examples of which we will see throughout this survey. 7 The so-called Silicon Valley style of entrepreneurial spirit is based on the idea that computer entrepreneurs “make money out of ideas” either selling their ideas to venture capitalists or, if they have a big enough name, establishing their own business. “It is a culture where the amount of money to be made, and the speed at which the money is made, are the supreme values” (Castells 2001: 55–60; also 1996: 53–60).

Although the relation between the research community and the outside commentators might often be indirect and mediated, its significance can hardly be overestimated. In fact, as Edwards (1996: Preface) has suggested, film and fiction have played a crucial role in dramatizing the goals of AI and in creating a connection in the popular culture between computational views of mind and what he calls the “closed world” of Cold War military strategies in the United States. Journalists, too, have played a major role in communicating AI claims to the public, partly because of their professional enthusiasm for provocative topics, but also because AI projects and ideas, as opposed to more esoteric disciplines such as theoretical physics, can be explained “in words understandable to anyone” (Crevier 1993: 7).

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