By Aristotle.; Schreiber, Scott Gregory; Aristotle
A accomplished examine Aristotle's treatise on logical fallacies
Read or Download Aristotle on false reasoning : language and the world in the Sophistical refutations PDF
Best logic & language books
During this textbook, Michael Morris bargains a serious creation to the crucial problems with the philosophy of language. every one bankruptcy focusses on one or texts that have had a seminal impact on paintings within the topic, and makes use of those as a fashion of impending either the primary themes and a number of the traditions of facing them.
This e-book develops the overall rules of linguistic switch that shape the rules of historic linguistics, dialectology and sociolinguistics. it's focused on the criteria that govern the inner improvement of linguistic buildings: the mechanisms of swap, the limitations on switch, and the ways that swap is embedded within the greater linguistic procedure.
Extra resources for Aristotle on false reasoning : language and the world in the Sophistical refutations
However, Aristotle’s thought here deﬁes easy assimilation to the modern categories. Perhaps the closest Aristotle ever comes to distinguishing semantics from syntax is his distinction between homonymy and amphiboly, yet syntax alone cannot always account for his examples of amphiboly. Owen and Hintikka have prudently avoided describing Aristotle’s distinction in terms of semantics and syntax. 21 I show below that this accurately accounts for Aristotle’s examples. 22 He claims that Aristotle’s use of “amphiboly” covers both words and phrases.
19 In example (2) the two signiﬁcations of t¿ d°on are exhibited, one in the ﬁrst premise and the other in the second. The conclusion, however, is entirely univocal. In examples (1) and (3), the word with two signiﬁcations occurs in the conclusion. By these two different ways, all three types of sophistical appearances can be produced: namely, arguing from merely apparent endoxic premises, merely apparent arguing from real endoxa, and valid arguing to an only apparently relevant conclusion. , in the middle term of the syllogism), validity is gained only if the middle term is read univocally.
I argue here that this is not the case. ” This was the ability to interpret Homer in such a way as to preserve his text from apparent contradiction or seeming nonsense. 29 It certainly sounds as though Aristotle is calling the word ple√w amphibolous. However, contrary to the assumption of Hintikka and Irwin, this explanation turns out to be an elliptical reference to a larger Homeric phrase beginning with pl°w. Aristotle has not quoted the entire Homeric sentence of dispute. In fact, he has not even included the part of the sentence that contains the interpretive problem.