Aristotle on false reasoning : language and the world in the by Aristotle.; Schreiber, Scott Gregory; Aristotle

By Aristotle.; Schreiber, Scott Gregory; Aristotle

A accomplished examine Aristotle's treatise on logical fallacies

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Extra resources for Aristotle on false reasoning : language and the world in the Sophistical refutations

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However, Aristotle’s thought here defies easy assimilation to the modern categories. Perhaps the closest Aristotle ever comes to distinguishing semantics from syntax is his distinction between homonymy and amphiboly, yet syntax alone cannot always account for his examples of amphiboly. Owen and Hintikka have prudently avoided describing Aristotle’s distinction in terms of semantics and syntax. 21 I show below that this accurately accounts for Aristotle’s examples. 22 He claims that Aristotle’s use of “amphiboly” covers both words and phrases.

19 In example (2) the two significations of t¿ d°on are exhibited, one in the first premise and the other in the second. The conclusion, however, is entirely univocal. In examples (1) and (3), the word with two significations occurs in the conclusion. By these two different ways, all three types of sophistical appearances can be produced: namely, arguing from merely apparent endoxic premises, merely apparent arguing from real endoxa, and valid arguing to an only apparently relevant conclusion. , in the middle term of the syllogism), validity is gained only if the middle term is read univocally.

I argue here that this is not the case. ” This was the ability to interpret Homer in such a way as to preserve his text from apparent contradiction or seeming nonsense. 29 It certainly sounds as though Aristotle is calling the word ple√w amphibolous. However, contrary to the assumption of Hintikka and Irwin, this explanation turns out to be an elliptical reference to a larger Homeric phrase beginning with pl°w. Aristotle has not quoted the entire Homeric sentence of dispute. In fact, he has not even included the part of the sentence that contains the interpretive problem.

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