By Pavel Kindlmann, A.F.G. Dixon, J.P. Michaud
This ebook offers thoroughly novel, but unpublished findings on aphid inhabitants dynamics and ecology within the context of contemporary environmental adjustments and heavily comparable matters. it may be used as complementary textual content in any direction on inhabitants dynamics and ecology of crop pests at undergraduate or graduate degrees. The booklet is meant generally for graduate scholars, researchers in crop technological know-how, crop defense, agricultural advisors and executives, however it would definitely allure awareness of many people attracted to insect pests, their organic keep an eye on and ecology.
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Additional info for Aphid Biodiversity under Environmental Change: Patterns and Processes
Glob Chang Biol 14:1–18 Holopainen JK (2002) Aphid response to elevated ozone and CO2 . Entomol Exp Appl 104: 137– 142 Holopainen JK, Kainulainen P, Oksanen J (1997) Growth and reproduction of aphids and levels of free amino acids in Scots pine and Norway spruce in an open-air fumigation with ozone. Glob Chang Biol 3:139–147 Holopainen JK, Kössi S (1998) Variable growth and reproduction response of the spruce shoot aphid, Cinara pilicornis, to increasing ozone concentrations. Entomol Exp Appl 87:109–113 Hoover JK, Newman JA (2004) Tritrophic interactions in the context of climate change: a model of grasses, cereal aphids and their parasitoids.
8). Removal of the outliers for Dundee, East Craigs and Writtle had negligible effects on those analyses. 4 Discussion Evidence has been found for the start of the flight season becoming earlier with warmer winters in 19 out of 20 species at Rothamsted and 12 out of 13 sites for M. persicae. In no case was there a significant retardation of the time of first record 50 R. Harrington and S. Clark Fig. 6 Annual Julian date of first suction trap record (y-axis) against year (x-axis) for Myzus persicae at 12 suction trap sites with regression lines superimposed (Rothamsted shown in Fig.
25 days in B. brassicae). Slopes appeared not to depend on life cycle type (Fig. 5). Removal of the outliers for A. solani, M. ascalonicus, S. fragariae and N. 3 days per year and generally made no difference to the overall conclusions. However, after removal of the outlier for M. 78 days per year. For M. 3, Fig. 6). 57 days at Writtle). 2, Fig. 7). 37 days in Aphis fabae). Slopes appeared not to depend on life cycle type (Fig. 7). Removal of the outlier 48 R. Harrington and S. Clark Fig. 4 Annual Julian date of first suction trap record (y-axis) against mean screen temperature for January and February (◦ C, x-axis) for Myzus persicae at 12 suction trap sites with regression lines superimposed (Rothamsted shown in Fig.