Analyticity and Syntheticity: A Diachronic Perspective With by Armin Schwegler

By Armin Schwegler

The sequence is a platform for contributions of every kind to this speedily constructing box. normal difficulties are studied from the point of view of person languages, language households, language teams, or language samples. Conclusions are the results of a deepened research of empirical info. specific emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose research may possibly shed new mild on long-standing difficulties more often than not linguistics.

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154) History of the terms 15 Earlier he comments: it is often illuminating to point out that a language has been becoming more and more analytic in the course of its history or that it shows signs of having crystallized from a simple analytic base into a highly synthetic form. (136) 42 Despite Sapir's vastly improved methodology of basing language classification on non-genetic criteria, and despite the sophisticated and original incorporation of analyticity and syntheticity into a multi-layered matrix, it is easy to see why his scheme might be open to serious criticism.

So-called free word-order languages) syntactic displacement of words may not change the basic prepositional meaning of words or word groups (cf. ] sees' = "the father sees the son'), 8 this kind of movement is not possible in numerous others, and cannot, therefore, qualify as universally valid criterion for word division. This is especially true of languages in which morphological functions are expressed syntactically and not morphologically; thus displaceability is, for instance, excluded as a possible criterion from Romance and Germanic languages where word position alone can be decisive: le chat mange le souris vs.

49 The ill-defined concepts of analyticity and syntheticity remain unchanged until 1945 when V. Tauli, in an article entitled "Morphological Analysis and Synthesis," broke new ground toward a redefinition , or—more accurately—a refinement of the analytic/synthetic concepts. In a brief but incisive article ignored by some of the linguists who later contribute to the discussion,50 Tauli sets forth a list of eleven criteria on which to base the degree of analysis and synthesis. In his scheme, the analytic or synthetic character of flexional forms depends on the following circumstances: 1.

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