By Laurie Bauer
Книга An advent to overseas kinds of English An advent to foreign different types of English Книги Иностранные языки Автор: Laurie Bauer Год издания: 2003 Формат: pdf Издат.:Edinburgh college Press Страниц: a hundred and sixty Размер: 1,7 ISBN: 0748613382 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Covering sorts of English spoken in Britain, the united states, Canada, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and the Falkland Islands, this ebook indicates how the most important nationwide sorts of English have constructed and why related reasons have given upward thrust to assorted results in numerous elements of the area.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to International Varieties of English
2. Consider the two maps provided on pages 30–1, one showing the 02 pages 001-136 6/8/02 1:26 pm Page 29 ENGLISH BECOMES A WORLD LANGUAGE 29 places in the Atlantic states of the US where bristle is pronounced with [ ] in the ﬁrst syllable (from Kurath and McDavid 1961: Map 59), and the other places in England where bristle was traditionally pronounced either with [ ] or with [υ] in the ﬁrst syllable (based on Kolb et al. 1979: 162). How would you explain the distribution of this pronunciation of bristle in the USA?
The Independent % attrib. % predic. ) variety to variety, except that in New Zealand English women is becoming homophonous with woman, leading to confusion of spelling. English also borrows a lot of nouns from Latin, Italian, French and other languages, and these sometimes retain their foreign plurals: tableaux, tempi, alumni, cherubim and so on. Such plurals are often variable within a variety, but there is no reported case of national varieties being distinctive in terms of which plural they choose (despite the fact that this might seem a natural potential site for such variation).
Main verb) Need she be here early? (auxiliary) (9) All you need to do is tell it like it is. (main verb) All you need do is tell it like it is. (attested. Hundt 1998: 64) (auxiliary) According to Trudgill and Hannah (1994: 61), US English does not have the auxiliary construction with these verbs, although other evidence (for example Hundt 1998: 62–3) suggests that this is an overstatement of the case, and that it would be better to say that the auxiliary construction is rare in US English. Collins (1989: 143–4) ﬁnds that need and dare are not used in precisely parallel ways in Australian English: need is used as a main verb, but while dare is more often found with the do-verb, it tends to be used without the to, leading to a mixed type.