By Haizhou Li, Kar-Ann Toh, Liyuan Li
Biometrics is the research of equipment for uniquely spotting people in keeping with a number of intrinsic actual or behavioral qualities. After a long time of analysis actions, biometrics, as a famous medical self-discipline, has complex significantly either in useful know-how and theoretical discovery to satisfy the expanding desire of biometric deployments. during this booklet, the editors supply either a concise and available creation to the sphere in addition to a close insurance at the particular examine issues of their strategies in a large spectrum of biometrics examine starting from voice, face, fingerprint, iris, handwriting, human habit to multimodal biometrics. The contributions additionally current the pioneering efforts and cutting-edge effects, with specific specialize in useful matters referring to process improvement. This ebook is a worthy reference for demonstrated researchers and it additionally offers a good advent for rookies to appreciate the demanding situations.
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Acoustic cues for prosody and stress are currently being studied actively, but a discussion of these cues is not presented in this chapter. 3 Acoustics Correlates of Distinctive Features This section describes the acoustic correlates of distinctive features that appear in the speech signal. Acoustic correlates of articulator-free features give rise to various landmarks in the signal (Liu, 1996). Examination of the signal around these landmarks allows the extraction of articulator and articulator-bound features that are associated with the articulator-free features.