By J F. Staal
The achievements of Pānini and the Indian grammarians, starting approximately 2500 years in the past, have by no means been totally preferred via Western students -- in part due to the nice technical problems provided through such an inquiry, and partially simply because correct educational articles were restricted to imprecise and inaccessible publications.
This ebook makes to be had to linguists and Sanskritists a set of an important articles at the Sanskrit grammarians, and gives a attached historic define in their actions. It covers reviews and fragments starting from early 7th-century debts of the grammarians -- recorded by means of Buddhist pilgrims from China and Tibet, through Muslim tourists from the close to East, and via Christian missionaries -- to a couple of the simplest articles that experience seemed over the last century and a half.
Chapters within the booklet hide the basis of Sanskrit experiences within the West laid through British students operating in India and together with the certain and exact details supplied by means of Henry Thomas Colebrooke; the linguistic reviews of Pānini by way of von Schlegel and von Humboldt; the paintings of Bhandarkar and of Kielhorn; William Dwight Whitney's low evaluate of the "native" grammarians; and the philological paintings of contemporary Western, Indian, and eastern scholars.
The editor observes that fabrics within the Reader show difficulties tackled by means of the Sanskrit grammarians which heavily parallel advancements in modern linguistics. He has supplied ancient and linguistic observation and bibliographic facts within the introductions and notes that accompany each one choice. Articles are of their unique English, German, and French. Texts or passages in chinese language, Tibetan, Arabic, Sanskrit, Latin, and Greek have, for the main half, been translated into English, and all Sanskrit passages were translated into the Latin alphabet.
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Extra info for A Reader on the Sanskrit Grammarians
Still, 'worthy and unworthy' is very strange. 14 I Tsing 3. The Uñad i This is nearly the same as the above (Mand a), with the exception that what is fully explained in the one is only mentioned briefly in the other, and vice versa. Boys begin to learn the book on the three Khilas (or 'three pieces of waste land ') when they are ten years old, and understand them thoroughly after three years' diligent study. V. e. Pänini's Sütra). There were many commentaries composed in former times, and this is the best of them.
2 The Foundations of Western Scholarship Plate II A bronze ¡mage of Patañjali, which shows a beard and an enlarged rounded cranium that are the marks of sages in late South Indian iconography. This bronze of the fourteenth or fifteenth century is in a private collection. 6 Jean François Pons (1698-1752) Among the first Western scholars to hear about linguistics in India was Filippo Sassetti (1540-1588). Sassetti was greatly impressed by the Indian discovery that different sounds are produced by the various movements of the mouth and the tongue.
So he gave orders to send 200,000 dirham and presents of a similar value to Kashmir, to be distributed among those who studied the book of his master. The consequence was that they all rushed upon the book, and would not copy any other grammar but this one, showing themselves in the baseness of their avarice. The book became the fashion and highly prized. e. do not sprinkle the water on me. e. bring sweetmeats. So she went away and brought him sweetmeats. And when the king disapproved of her doing so, she gave him an angry reply, and used coarse language towards him.