A Model-Theoretic Realist Interpretation of Science by E.B. Ruttkamp

By E.B. Ruttkamp

In this e-book Emma Ruttkamp demonstrates the ability of the full-blown employment of the model-theoretic paradigm within the philosophy of technology. inside of this paradigm she provides an account of sciences as approach and product. She expounds the "received assertion" and the "non-statement" perspectives of technology, and exhibits how the model-theoretic technique resolves the spurious pressure among those perspectives. during this endeavour she additionally engages the perspectives of a few modern philosophers of technological know-how with affinity to version thought. this article might be learn via experts operating in philosophy of technology or formal semantics, by means of logicians engaged on the constitution of theories, and through scholars in philosophy of technology - this article bargains a radical creation to non-statement money owed of sciences in addition to a dialogue of the normal assertion account of science.

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Extra resources for A Model-Theoretic Realist Interpretation of Science

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Mod(P), and wfs (l and P are semantically equivalent iff Mod«l) =Mod(P). e. ,p and x occurs free in P; • (l is P*y and x occurs free in P or y or both, where * E {A, V, -, .. }; • (l is (:3xJP and x occurs free in P and x '" x;; • (l is (VxJP and x occurs free in P and x '" and x Xi. The wf (l is a sentence iff no variable occurs free in (l. 7 of this chapter I shall discuss an application of non-monotonic logic to my model-theoretic account of science. Here follows a few of the main formal definitions that I shall refer to.

Thus, rather than focussing on the colourful richness of reality, scientists typically will decide to focus on a particular aspect or system of reality. Moreover, intensifying their initial selective actions, scientists will also decide to concentrate only on particular features of the real system they have picked out. At the start of a particular line of research, the first encounters between scientists and the relevant system in reality have an interesting feature. Although traditionally viewed as happening at the lowest level of scientific activity - "lowest" in the sense of least abstract and not least dependent on historical, social, and cultural factors - these encounters are already not "objective" in the sense of being neutral to any kind of external influence.

The only way in which we can have scientific contact with the world (that is, with systems in reality) is through actions involving selection, abstraction, and generalisation, which are always executed within some theoretical framework or disciplinary matrix, and are always teleological in character in the sense that these abstractions are made in order to theorise eventually about a specific aspect of some real system relevant for certain context-specific reasons. So in this sense there are indeed no absolute rules and laws guiding us towards the expression of our knowledge, because of the way our encounters with reality are structured.

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