By Charles Gehring
In 1634, the Dutch West India corporation used to be fearful to grasp why the fur exchange from New Netherland have been declining, so the corporate despatched 3 staff a long way into Iroquois nation to enquire. Harmen Meyndertsz van den Bogaert led the day trip from fortress Orange (present-day Albany, NY). His is the earliest recognized description of the inner of what's this present day long island country and its seventeenth-century local population.
Van den Bogaert used to be a prepared observer, and his magazine isn't just a regular log of the place the excursion get together traveled; it's also an in depth account of the Mohawks and the Oneidas: the settlements, modes of subsistence, and therapeutic rituals. Van den Bogaert's awesome wordlist is the earliest recognized recorded vocabulary of the Mohawk language.
Gehring's translation and Starna's annotations supply imperative fabric for anthropologists, ethnohistorians, linguists, and a person with a distinct curiosity in local American reports. Michelson's present additions to the wordlist of Mohawk equivalents with English glosses (wherever attainable) and his specialist research of the language within the local American passages provide a necessary new size to this variation of the journal.
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Additional resources for A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition
8 ARENIAS came to me and said that he would accompany me to our fort with all his pelts for trading. Jeronimus offered to sell his coat here but could not get rid of it. Jan. 9 The Onnedagens97 arrived here in the evening; 6 old men and 4 women, who were very tired from the journey. They brought some beaver pelts with them. I went and thanked them for coming to visit us. They welcomed me and because it was late I went again to our house. Jan. 10 Jeronimus badly burned his pants that had fallen from his body into the fire during the night.
When single letters were exhausted, they were doubled, then tripled, and so forth. The handwriting is clear and shows the careful execution of a clerk or secretary trained in recording and copying records. Errors in the text indicate that it was copied from Van den Bogaert’s original. In several instances it is obvious that the copyist was uncertain of the handwriting he was transcribing. Where the context made it obvious that he was in error, he corrected himself. At other times the errors were retained.
37 18 ditto. 3 women came here from the Sinnekens with some dried and fresh salmon, but they smelled very bad. They sold each salmon for one guilder or 2 hands of sewant. They also brought much green tobacco to sell, and had been 6 days underway. 38 Then we were supposed to travel with them when they returned. In the evening Jeronimus told me that an Indian was planning to kill him with a knife. December 19. 39 With it came paper, salt, and tobacco for the Indians and a bottle of brandy. We hired a man to guide us to the Sinnekens, and gave him 1/2 piece of duffel, 2 axes, 2 knives, and 2 awls.