By Peter Gordon, Denis Lawton
There are lots of features of an schooling process that in basic terms make experience if we all know how that method has constructed through the years. a part of this comes from figuring out how associations have replaced, however it is usually vital to appreciate how principles in schooling have developed.
This ebook discusses the continual improvement of academic concept over 3 millennia. the focal point upon the heritage of principles during this quantity is in part an try and circulate heritage of schooling clear of an process in line with 'great males' to technological, monetary and political affects on rules and ideology. It experiences many matters, starting from the needs of schooling from the earliest occasions, to the problem of postmodernism within the current century. The authors offer an obtainable and thought-provoking consultant to the academic principles that underlie perform.
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Extra resources for A History of Western Educational Ideas
The first converts to Christianity had tended to be poor, but during the second century there was a gradual change and more educated Romans began to be attracted. Generally, they would have continued to send their sons to traditional secular schools and endeavoured to have their children taught about Christianity at home and in church. This sometimes created a problem: the early Fathers disputed among themselves about the acceptability of the traditional curriculum based on Greek and Roman texts.
Another significant difference between Hebrew and Greek values was that the Jews did not disdain manual work. Yet another aspect of Jewish culture that has become part of Western civilisation is historical consciousness: God not only intervened in history but also had an historical plan for His people. Time is thus forward-looking as well as involving a record of the past - the idea of the promised land was a 32 The Judaeo-Christian Tradition dominant feature of Jewish culture. It is not unconnected with the idea of progress which became so important in Western European notions of history and education.
Children should be exposed only to material that was beautiful as well as eloquent: Homer and Virgil came first, then others who were considered to encourage the habit of reading. Music was also strongly recommended, partly because it was associated with poetry and therefore reinforced the teaching of language. Geometry too was essential. Physical education would have received separate attention in a specialist school for physical culture, where deportment and possibly dancing would be taught. As for converting this curriculum into a timetable, Quintilian favoured switching from subject to subject during the course of a day, partly to provide variety and partly to enable the co-ordination of learning.