By David E. Watters
It is a finished grammatical documentation of Kham, a formerly undescribed language from west-central Nepal, belonging to the Tibeto-Burman language kinfolk. The language has an strange constitution, containing a few features which are of speedy relevance to present paintings on linguistic idea, together with cut up ergativity and its demonstrative method. Its verb morphology has implications for the certainty of the historical past of the whole Tibeto-Burman kinfolk. The ebook, in response to large fieldwork, presents copious examples through the exposition. will probably be a invaluable source for typologists and basic linguists alike.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Kham (Cambridge Grammatical Descriptions)
He failed, however, to mention what language they did speak. Three quarters of a century later, records show that the latter class of Gharti was also accepted into the Gurkha regiments after careful screening. Vansittart, writing in 1890, states that: by careful selection, excellent Ghartis can be obtained. The Bhujial Gharti lives in the valleys and high mountains to the north of Gulmi, above the Puns. Their tract of country runs along both sides of the Bhuji Khola (river), from which they probably derive their name.
Nominalized imperatives, for example, have the softened force of an optative, and nominalized interrogatives are less intrusive than their regular counterparts. 6 Clause chains Clause chains are ‘co-subordinate’ structures in Kham and differ significantly from the subordinate structure of complements (which are always nominalized). In clause chains, all tense/aspect and person/number information is marked on the chain-final verb, and chain-medial verbs are marked with varying degrees of person inflection depending on whether the subject participant of the following clause has referential continuity with the current clause.
5 Given the fact, however, that lax phonation occurs in syllables with almost any onset (voiced, voiceless, or no consonantal onset at all), and that all such syllables display identical tonal properties (as opposed to aspirated syllables which have different tonal properties), it becomes clear that such syllables should be interpreted as lax phonation types. Phonologically, then, voiced aspirates like /bhe:/ or /jha:/ do not occur in Kham. Aspiration on voiceless obstruents is heavy in Kham, with a considerably stronger burst of air than that which occurs in English.