A Grammar of Hup by Epps, Patience

By Epps, Patience

This paintings is a reference grammar of Hup, a member of the Nadahup relatives (also referred to as Makú or Vaupés-Japura), that is spoken within the fascinatingly multilingual Vaupés sector of the northwest Amazon. This certain description and research is educated by means of a functional-typological viewpoint, with specific connection with areal touch and grammaticalization. The grammar starts off with an creation to the cultural and linguistic historical past of Hup audio system, provides an summary of the phonology, and follows this with chapters on morphosyntax (nominal morphology, verbs and verb compounding, stressful, point, modality, evidentiality, etc.); it concludes with discussions of negation, the straightforward clause, and clause combining. a few gains of Hup grammar are typologically major, reminiscent of its technique of inversion in query formation, its procedure of Differential item Marking, and its remedy of ownership. Hup additionally shows numerous hugely strange paths of grammaticalization, equivalent to the improvement of a verbal destiny suffix from the noun stick, tree. The booklet additionally encompasses a collection of texts and a CD-ROM with audio records.

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As the following discussion will argue, the Hupd’h are in fact deeply involved in the Vaupés regional network, despite being outside the linguistic exogamy system. 1. The Hupd’h and the River Indians: socioeconomic interaction Far from being isolated in their forests, the Hupd’h are engaged in an active socioeconomic relationship with the River Indians, which was probably in place long before the Europeans arrived in the region. This interaction has been discussed in depth by Athias (1995), Fisser (1988), Pozzobon (1991), Ramos et al.

1994, 1999) and Huber and Reed (1992). However, further study of Nukak is currently in progress (cf. Mahecha 2007), and is expected to result in more substantial documentation. The claim for a relationship between Kakua-Nukak and the rest of the Nadahup family apparently goes back to Koch-Grünberg (1906b), who published some short word lists and pointed out a number of supposed similarities between the words. However, Koch-Grünberg’s proposal rests on a half-dozen look-alikes among words collected with no prior knowledge of the languages.

Additional problems with the analysis include the non-systematic mix of Nadahup languages used in the comparison (undoubtedly due to a lack of adequate data), and the failure to appeal to regular sound correspondences – which do not seem to appear in the data at all, especially since clear cognates cannot even be identified as a first step. All this corroborates my basic claim: There is at this point essentially no evidence for a relationship between Puinavé and the Nadahup languages, and more and better data is needed before the question can be settled conclusively.

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