By Dale Jacquette
This selection of newly comissioned essays through overseas participants deals a consultant evaluation of an important advancements in modern philosophical logic.
- Presents controversies in philosophical implications and purposes of formal symbolic logic.
- Surveys significant tendencies and gives unique insights.
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Extra resources for A Companion to Philosophical Logic
Smith, Robin (1986) Immediate propositions and Aristotle’s proof theory. Ancient Philosophy, 6, 47–86. Whitaker, C. W. A. (1996) Aristotle’s De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ) On Megarian and Stoic logic Baltzly, Dirk (2000) Stoicism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. ) Döring, Klaus (1974) Die Megariker: kommentierte Sammlung der Testimonien. ) Frede, Michael (1974) Die stoische Logik. Vandenheck and Ruprecht. ) 22 ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHICAL LOGIC Long, A.
Are] mockt and deluded . . with ragged Notions and Babblements, while they expected worthy and delightful knowledge” (On Education). This was an age also of discovery in the sciences and mathematics. The textbook logic ‘of the schools’ played no role in this. Francis Bacon claimed in the Novum 35 ROLF GEORGE AND JAMES VAN EVRA Organum that the “logic we now have” does not help us to discover new things, but “has done more to . . fasten errors upon us, than to open the way to truth” (Book 1, Aphorism xii).
Furthermore, concerning the demonstrability of God’s existence we read: A proposition is per se nota because the predicate is included in the nature of the subject: for instance, Man is (an) animal, for animal is contained in the nature of man. ) This passage ought to yield a déjà lu experience. Most of us, certainly, will have read this explanation of a proposition per se nota. The German text from which we know it is not 31 E. P. BOS AND B. G. SUNDHOLM medieval, but was published 500 years later, in 1781, by a professor of philosophy at Königsberg in Eastern Prussia.